PSYCHOLOGY & NEUROFEEDBACK SERVICES

Our Services

At the Stradwick Clinic, our skilled clinicians offer a wide range of evidence-based services.

The Stradwick Psychology & Neurofeedback Clinic team includes a staff Psychologist, Psychotherapist, as well as several Psychometrists and Neurofeedback Technicians.

Our Services

At the Stradwick Clinic, our skilled clinicians offer a wide range of evidence-based services.

The Stradwick Psychology & Neurofeedback Clinic team includes a staff Psychologist, Psychotherapist, as well as several Psychometrists and Neurofeedback Technicians.

Psychological Assessments

We offer a variety of psychological assessments, including ADHD Assessment, Psychoeducational Assessment, and Psychodiagnostic Assessment.  The Stradwick Clinic stands apart from other assessment providers because we also offer integrated qEEG data for all of our psychological assessments. Clinicians can then integrate data from the client’s report, objective psychological testing, as well as EEG information, providing detailed conclusions regarding diagnoses and treatment options.

Quantitative Electroencephalography Assessment (qEEG):

Quantitative EEG (qEEG), is sometimes referred to as brain mapping. A qEEGs provide a very detailed description of your brainwave function by measuring electrical patterns at the surface of your scalp. The analysis includes a normative comparison to healthy individuals and a comparison of EEG ratios within yourself. The qEEG assists us in determining if there are abnormalities in brain function that neurofeedback might be helpful in treating.  A qEEGs can further assist in creating a neurofeedback protocol based on the unique problems of each patient. Once we analyze your qEEG, we will provide the best management options for your treatment goals.

    Why would you request this service?
    • Difficulties with attention, sustained focus, hyperactivity and impulse control.
    • Academic difficulties and specific learning weaknesses/disorders.
    • Problems with emotion regulation, stress management, and anxiety.
    • History of traumatic brain injury/concussion.
    • Epilepsy/history of seizures.
    • Assessment for optimal performance training.
    What are the benefits?
    • Ability to assess and understand the organ (brain) we are going to treat.
    • Determine whether abnormalities in brain function are contributing to symptoms.
    • A better understanding of learning difficulties and how we can enhance academic success.
    • Assist in developing individualized treatment/neurofeedback training protocols.

    Psychoeducational Assessment:

    Psychoeducational Assessment helps identify the strengths and weakness of an individual’s learning profile (learning ability) when there are difficulties in areas of academics or in the workplace. (i.e. assessing intellectual functioning, academic achievement, behavioural functioning, and/or adaptive skills).

    Why would you request this service?
    • Difficulties with academic achievement and/or intellectual ability. 
    • To identify a learning disability or Giftedness.
    • When there is difficulty in workplace performance.
    What are the benefits?
    • Provides clarity as to why an individual is struggling academically or in the workplace.
    • Provides a plan and an avenue to resolve and manage these problems.
    • Provides recommendations for intervention to achieve academic potential.
    • Provides awareness to parents with the preparation and tools to advocate for the type of post-secondary educational programs to help their child achieve success in the future.
    • Prepares client on how to excel academically and/or in the workplace.

    Psychodiagnostic Assessment:

    Psychodiagnostic Assessment utilizes valid and reliable forms of psychological assessments, a clinical interview, and observation of behaviour. It provides a complex understanding of thought process, personality characteristics, and emotional functioning.

    Why would you request this service?
    • It provides objective data about a client’s psychological functioning and can be a useful tool to clarify clinical presentations (i.e. diagnostic clarification).
    • It is a specialized diagnostic procedure to identify and quantify degrees of psychopathology.
    What are the benefits?
    • It enhances diagnostic accuracy by controlling subjective opinion, which in turn uses highly reliable, standardized tests that have been validated in clinical trials.
    • Additionally, it allows clinicians to develop individualized treatment plans including interventions/recommendations for clients.
    • This service can be cost-effective and valuable for diagnosis.

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Assessment:

    ADHD Assessment evaluates clients for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). An ADHD assessment typically utilizes historical information, clinical observation, comprehensive and objective evaluation, including a variety of assessments to validate a formal diagnosis.

    What are the benefits?
    • Diagnostic clarification.
    • Individualized recommendations for treatment.
    • Accommodations at school or in the workplace.
    • Recommendations for a medication evaluation.

    Treatment Interventions

    Our team emphasizes the importance of providing an emotionally safe and compassionate environment for building trust and therapeutic rapport, while developing individualized treatment plans that incorporate evidence-based practice.

    Biofeedback Training:

    Biofeedback is a safe, non-invasive, and drug-free treatment that enables an individual to learn how to change their physiological responses to stress, tension, and pain. 

    How this is done?

    Precise monitoring devices are used to measure physiological activity within the body, such as heart rate, respiration, muscle activity, galvanic skin response, and skin temperature.  These instruments provide feedback information to the individual regarding their physiological activity.  The individual then learns how to make positive physical changes, such as relaxing one’s muscles, breathing more slowly, and lowering heart rate.  The goal is to eventually produce these physical changes on one’s own without the help of technology.

    What are the benefits?
    • Biofeedback has been shown to be helpful in treating a variety of different medical conditions. 
    • Studies indicate it has the potential to improve symptoms of asthma, Raynaud’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome, nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, chronic pain, migraines and tension headaches, anxiety, stress, high blood pressure, stroke, epilepsy, and tinnitus.

    Heart Rate Variability Training (HRV):

    Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training is a form of biofeedback treatment that utilizes the physiological variation between heart beats and respiration rate to help you regulate your autonomic nervous system.  HRV has become a relatively new method for assessing the effects of stress on the body and is a powerful biomarker for physical health, emotional well-being, and cognitive performance. 

    HRV research suggests that by improving heart rate variability, we can improve the autonomic nervous system’s ability to become more regulated, physiologically balanced, and better equipped for dealing with stress.

    What are the benefits?
    • Decreases levels of stress and anxiety.
    • Improves cardiovascular functioning.
    • Reduces concussive symptoms.
    • Improves sports performance.

    Neurofeedback Training:

    Neurofeedback training is a form of biofeedback that uses EEG/brainwave information to help teach an individual how to regulate their brainwave activity and improve their brain function. Neurofeedback training is a non-invasive therapeutic approach to enhance neuroregulation and metabolic function for a variety of conditions. Additionally, Neurofeedback uses the model of operant conditioning, a form of learning that associates behaviour with a stimulus.

    How this is done?

    To monitor brainwave activity and train the brain, sensors are gently placed on the client’s scalp to read EEG (brainwave) activity. These EEG signals are monitored by a computer-based system, which provides the proper feedback by means of video display and/or game, along with audio signals. This feedback provides reinforcement to the brain, which promotes regulation and healing.

    By improving the brain’s ability to self-regulate, patients feel better emotionally and physically as well as report improved attention and concentration. With regular sessions, symptoms associated with brain dysregulation will improve.

    What are the benefits?
    • Improves attention and concentration.
    • Reduces hyperactivity/impulsivity.
    • Enhances creativity and problem-solving.
    • Decreases anxiety and stress.
    • Improves mood and self-confidence.
    • Optimize sleep.
    • Improves cognitive functioning (e.g. memory, executive functioning).
    • Improves reading and writing due to learning impairments.

    Neurofeedback uses EEG/brainwave information to regulate brainwave activity and improve brain function. The brainwave activity can be measured by different types of brainwave bands (i.e. delta, theta, alpha, and beta waves).

    Delta waves are:

    •  Frequency Range 1 – 4 Hz.
    • Associated with slow activity and stages of sleep.
    • Generally, there should be very little Delta in waking EEG records of adults.

    Delta at Healthy Levels During Sleep is Associated with:

    • Triggering the release of hormones that help the body heal and recuperate.
    • Transferring new learning and memories into long-term memory storage.

    Abnormal Delta is Linked to Disorders such as:

    • ADHD: Low Posterior Delta – reduced capacity to decode facial expressions as they relate to social contexts.
    • Schizophrenia: excess delta in frontal brain regions.
    • Anxiety.
    • OCD.
    • Parkinson’s disease.

    Excess Waking Delta May Indicate:

    • Head trauma.
    • Exposure to toxins such as heavy metals, pesticides, etc.
    • Cognitive impairment – result of liver disease or degenerative brain diseases (dementia / Alzheimer’s disease).
    • A lesion / tumor or may indicate damage from a stroke if found in one location (Focal Delta).

    Neurofeedback to Normalize Delta has been shown to:

    • Lowering Delta can decrease symptoms of Chronic Fatigue, head trauma (concussion or TBI), and schizophrenia.
    • Normalizing Delta can also lessen anxiety and OCD symptoms.

    Theta waves are: 

    • Frequency range is 4-7 Hz.

    Role of Theta at Healthy Levels:

    • Theta in the memory and emotion areas of the brain (Hippocampal and Limbic Theta) is very involved in making long term memories, especially ones linked to emotional events.
    • Cortical Theta is important for fast processing speeds (quick thinking).

    Excess Theta Can be Associated With:

    • Hypoactivity/ feeling sluggish (less behavioural activity and movement due to less oxygen being absorbed in the brain).
    • Daydreaming.
    • Inattention and absence of directed thought/ running thoughts.
    • Drowsiness. 

    Disorders Associated with Excess Theta in qEEG:

    • ADHD.
    • Learning disabilities.
    • Head injuries or brain lesions.
    • PTSD.
    • Certain neurological disorders.

    Neurofeedback to reduce theta has been shown to:

    • Aid in anxiety reduction and processing of traumatic memories (PTSD and Anxiety Disorders).
    • Improve memory, focus and attention (ADHD and Learning Disabilities).

    Alpha waves are: 

    • Frequency range is 8-12 Hz.

    Healthy Levels of Alpha is associated with:

    • Relaxed attentiveness.
    • Can provide feedback on visual skills, visual memory, emotional trauma, and artistic skill or interest. 

    Symptoms & Disorders associated with Abnormal Alpha in qEEG:

    • Low Alpha Peak– Associated with disease or brain injury such as TBI, dementia, medication effects, and age-related cognitive decline.
    • High Alpha Peak– Associated with Anxiety and OCD symptoms.
    • Prominent Frontal Alpha– Depression symptoms and Attention issues.

    Neurofeedback to Normalize Alpha has been shown to:

    • Improve Overall Cognitive Function.
    • Lessen Symptoms of Brain Injuries, Anxiety, OCD and Depression.
    • Reduce Attentional Issues.
    • Result in less severe and less frequent Migraines.
    • Improve Mood and Decrease Stress.

    Beta waves are:

    • Frequency range is 13-25 Hz.

    Healthy Beta Plays a Role in:

    • Efficient Information Processing and Problem Solving.
    • Concentration.

    Symptoms and Disorders Linked to Abnormal Beta:

    • Spindling Beta– Increased cortical irritability seen in ADHD, Epilepsy, and Anxiety disorders.
    • Excess Beta– Over-arousal of the Brain can lead to anxiety, obsessiveness, sleep difficulties and hyperactivity, as well as other issues.
    • Deficient Beta– Under-arousal of the brain can lead to difficulty concentrating, problem solving, and focusing attention.

    Neurofeedback to Normalize Beta has been shown to:

    • Increase efficiency of problem solving, concentration and focused attention.
    • Treat symptoms of ADHD, Epilepsy and Anxiety Disorders.

    References:

    1. Swingle, P., (2008). Biofeedback for the Brain. Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, NJ.

    2. Kerson, C., Linden, M., Gunkelman, J. et al. QEEG-Guided Neurofeedback: New Brain-Based Individualized Evaluation and Treatment for Autism. Autism Science Digest, 3.

    Psychotherapy:

    At Stradwick Psychology & Neurofeedback Clinic, we utilize evidence-based treatments such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), Mindfulness-based therapy, Interpersonal Therapy, and Trauma-Focused interventions.

    Psychotherapy provides you with a supportive environment that promotes a deeper understanding of yourself and your presenting concerns. Therapy not only focuses on developing self awareness, but also helps you learn new strategies to cope with life’s difficulties and to alleviate negative symptoms.

    What are the benefits?
    • Reduces emotional distress.
    • Alleviates psychological symptoms that are negatively affecting your life.
    • New ways to cope with your difficulties and feel more in control.
    • Develops knowledge and skills.
    • Enhances more meaningful relationships.
    • Improves quality of life and overall sense of fulfillment.

    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a type of psychotherapy that helps clients identify and understand the relationship between their thoughts, feelings, and behaviours.  CBT focuses on reframing unhelpful/negative thinking patterns into more positive coping thoughts as well as changing unhealthy behaviours that contribute to problematic symptoms.

    What are the benefits?
    • Helps individuals identify and effectively manage their thoughts, emotions, and behaviours.
    • Lowers symptoms of depression and anxiety.
    • Helps improve confidence and self-esteem.
    • Improves frustration tolerance and anger management.
    • Resolves relational conflict and enhances interpersonal effectiveness skills.
    • Assists with improving sleep and health habits.
    • Enhances an individual’s ability to effectively cope with life stressors.

    Play therapy:

    Play therapy is a useful treatment for children to express themselves in play form, when they are unable to express themselves by “using their words.” It builds on the natural way that children learn about themselves and their relationships in the world around them.

    What are the benefits?
    • Improves communication with others.
    • Enhances emotional expression.
    • Behaviour modification.
    • Improves problem-solving skills.

    Sandtray therapy:

    Sandtray is a form of expressive play therapy, which allows the client to construct his or her own world using miniature figurines in sand.  It is a creative opportunity for children and adults to work through difficult problems, develop a deeper understanding of self, and/or process traumatic incidents/memories.

    How it is done?

    Clients are encouraged to translate their personal experience by building scenes or creating stories within a tray of sand with figurines. Sandtray facilitates a deeper awareness of self and inner healing.

    What are the benefits?
    • This simple technique can be effective in facilitating change.
    • Allows individuals to express their inner feelings or experience by way of pictures.
    • Helps to build self-esteem.
    • Improves communication.
    • Participants learn and internalize coping strategies while they play.

    Resources

    Commence your research or further your knowledge with our suggested videos and book resources.

    About Us

    The Stradwick Psychology & Neurofeedback Clinic team includes Psychologists, Psychotherapists,  Psychometrists, and Neurofeedback Technicians. 

    Contact us

    Contact us to book an appointment. We have two locations in Ottawa: Nepean and Stittsville.